During the warm-up or preparation phase of a Pilates class there are certain key exercises and positioning exercises that assist in warming up muscles and joints.
They also help with placement of certain bones and posture such as the positioning of the upper body and shoulders. This is to avoid the build-up of tension in the upper body such as the upper back and neck areas. Also, the upper body should be warmed up sufficiently prior to performing any exercise. The following 2 exercises are examples of what could be included:
This exercise can be performed standing, seating or lying. For this example we will look at the seated version as in lying position the mat can sometimes hinder movement of the shoulders blades for some kyphotic clients: